Kyphoplasty treatment for back hump caused by Osteoporosis is a surgical procedure. It can be used to remedy fragility fractures of the spine.
In the past compression fractures of the spine were treated by bed rest, bracing and pain medication. These things addressed pain.but they can not change any of the spinal deformity caused by these fractures. This procedure addresses both the pain and the spinal deformity. Kyphoplasty treatment stabilizes the fracture(s), corrects vertebrae distortion and in doing so relieves pain.
1. What is done during Kyphoplasty treatment? When you have this procedure, a surgeon makes a small incision in your back and inserts a narrow tube. Then using fluoroscopy to guide him, he moves this tube into the correct position in the fractured area.
Using X-ray images your doctor inserts a special balloon through the tube and inflates it so that the balloon elevates the fractured part of your vertebra and returns those vertebra to a more normal shape. The balloon also compacts the soft inner bone and creates a cavity inside the vertebrae.
your doctor removes the balloon and inserts a special cement like
material (polymethylmethacrylate) into the cavity. This material hardens quickly. Your
vertebra is stabilized in position!
2. Is this an operation? Will they use anesthesia?
Yes, this is surgery and is done by a surgeon specially trained in the procedure. You will have either local or general anesthesia.If you have concerns about general anesthesia because of your age or other medical conditions, be sure to discuss the possibility of using local anesthesia with your doctor.
3. How long does Kyphoplasty take?
The surgery usually takes about 1 hour for each vetebra treated. Of course you will spend time in the recovery room afterwards.
4. Will I be hospitalized?
Some patients have kyphoplasty treatment as one day surgery. Others stay in the hospital overnight. In any case you will not be able to drive after the surgery so if you will be going home afterwards you will need to arrange transportation.
5. How long will it take to recover?
Your physician will advise you about this. Be sure to ask. Much depends on how many vertebrae were treated and the particulars of your surgery.
Some patients find immediate relief from their pain; others find it takes a few days for full pain relief. Most patients resume their activities on a limited basis and then expand that as their recovery continues.
NOTE: You will need to wait for your physician's approval before you can drive.
6. What are the benefits of this surgery?
The most immediate benefit is a reduction in pain. Those who have had this procedure also report greater mobility and ease doing ordinary tasks. Posture can be straightened significantly and usually the treatment improves breathing and lessens the likelihood that you (or the patient) will experience additional fractures caused by the extra pressure of vertebra 'tilting'.
7. O.K. those are the positives but what are the risks?
As in all surgery there is always some risk of a reaction to anesthesia or a risk of infection.
In addition, Kyphoplasty treatment , like Vertebroplasty treatment includes some risk for:
8.Who is a candidate for kyphoplasty treatment ? Can anyone with pain from dowagers hump (back hump) have this procedure?
Kyhoplasty treatment will be considered:
9.Will my insurance pay for this procedure?
As with all medical procedures it is important to check with your medical insurance company before you have the procedure. Medicare will usually pay for the procedure. Other insurance companies vary in their payment.
Sources: Courtney W. Brown, MD and Douglas C. Wong, MD; Spine health.org and Kyphon.com
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Here are sites that offer additional information:
The Kyphon Coroporation offers a helpful e-book for patients about the procedureat http://www1.kyphon.com/pdfs/16000317-01PatientPreOp.pdf