Periodontitis Osteoporosis Osteopenia

Periodontitis Osteoporosis Osteopenia . Did you know that your dentist could be a 'first line of defense' identifying bone loss?  It is true. When I was researching causes of bone loss, I was more than a little surprised to find studies linking gum disease
(peridontites) with bone loss.

No one ever mentioned such a connection to me....no one, not even my dentist. But the research has been published in scientific journals. There is a clear connection between the condition of your gums and that of your bones.  Regular brushing of your gums and teeth can safeguard you from a hip  fracture and the small spinal fractures that lead to dowagers hump.


Research about Periodontitis Osteoporosis Osteopenia.

In 2010 Researchers at the Hospitales Universitarios Virgen del  RocĂ­o in Seville, Spain found such a connection.  These researchers decided to do a systematic review of clinical trials assessing the relationship between Periodontitis Osteoporosis Osteopenia

An electronic search was done using:
 1.Internet search engines,
 2.MEDLINE (from 1966 to December 2009) and 
 3.Cochrane Controlled Clinical Trials Register.

A total of 145 studies dealing with the osteoporosis-periodontitis
 relationship were identified. Of these, 35 studies were considered
 suitable for the study.

The researchers found that X-ray studies were more useful that clinican observation for finding evidence of bone loss. In the study they found that maxillary and/or mandible radiological findings had  a positive correlation in the majority of the cases (18 positive  vs. three negative). At the same time they found that clinical
periodontal examination were inconclusive (six positive vs. five  negative). So it was clear that X-ray examination was more effective for finding evidence of Osteoporosis/Osteopenia.

 Further Medline Plus makes claims about prevention: "Good oral hygiene is the  best means of prevention. This includes thorough tooth brushing  and flossing, and regular professional dental cleaning. The  prevention and treatment of  gingivitis reduces the risk of development of periodontitis."

The majority of the studies suggested a relationship between osteoporosis and periodontitis. Further well-controlled studies are needed to better elucidate the inter-relationship between systemic and oral bone loss and to clarify whether dentists
could usefully give an early warning for osteoporosis risk.

Periodontitis and osteoporosis: A systematic review (PDF Download Available). Available from: https://www.researchgate.net/publication/45535507_Periodontitis_and_osteoporosis_A_systematic_review [accessed Mar 28, 2016].

The research is clear. If you want to avoid bone loss, you need to prevent Periodontitis. And according to Medline Plus  "Good oral hygiene, including thorough brushing and flossing,  and regular professional dental cleaning for the prevention and
treatment of gingivitis reduces the risk of development of periodontitis.".

Also, the Online Journal of Peridontology offers the study by  Dr. Jean  Wactawsik-Wende from the the University at Buffalo, New York (USA). To read the abstract of this study  just click on: Periodontitis Osteoporosis Osteopenia

If you have had any experiences with Periodontitis being a cause of bone loss, would you share it with other readers?

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